Below I have linked some sources from where I’ve found information relating to my topic that will help me create my infographic. I have added the most important points and will follow each link with a discussion and then an overall discussion of what I want to incorporate and focus on for my design.
It is important to first note that the indications eye directions and gazes may indicate are not absolute truths, only cues. Also, the directions and its meanings/indicators (left and right) is different for left handers, therefore, you must switch sides to observe. The eye’s can show a lot about a person; their thinking mode, their emotions, whether they are hiding something, being honest or dishonest and overall can help with gaining an understanding of body language and how people respond.
Firstly, I have found after researching what eyes can indicate about a person’s emotions and thoughts, it is linked to the senses; visual, auditory and kinesthetic. A particular gaze can represent the type of thought mode a person is having. This information was found on http://www.highexistence.com/reading-eye-movements/ and http://www.blifaloo.com/info/reading-eyes.php
Visual: This is when a person is using visual images to support their thoughts, generally by looking up (left or right) or looking forward and generally appearing unfocused. It can be a construction whereby one is imagining a visual image. This is indicated by looking up to the left. Looking up to the right indicates a visual recall, where one is remembering a visual image.
Auditory: An auditory thought mode is where a person is having thoughts regarding sounds, where they imagine or create a sound. This can be indicated by looking to the sides, particularly to the left. Another auditory thought indication is when one looks down to the right, however this is where the person may be partaking in an internal dialogue; talking to themselves.
Kinesthetic: This thinking mode is where a person is thinking about or expressing emotions, it is a part of the senses, when one is thinking about a feeling, taste or smell. This mode can be indicated when one looks down, particularly, to the left.
EYE GAZE & DIRECTIONS
Direction and gazes shows what the person may be thinking, feeling, or what they are looking at.
(http://www.scienceofpeople.com/2012/09/what-the-eyes-tell-you-about-lying-and-hidden-emotions/, http://www.psychologistworld.com/bodylanguage/eyes.php, http://changingminds.org/techniques/body/parts_body_language/eyes_body_language.htm).
This indicates a thinking process; the person may be constructing images in their head, recalling memories or thoughts or what to say. It is generally showing a visual thinking mode. Up to the left: is looking to the memory part of the brain. Up to the right: Indicates the construction of something from the imagination.
This can indicate that someone is recalling/remembering past events, thoughts, emotions.
Looking to the right indicates more creative thoughts, it is where one can look into their imagination. However, this can be an indicator that the person is being deceitful, as they may be trying to conjure up incorrect stories and lie.
Down: This can show submissiveness, by not making eye contact one may appear to be threatened and that they themselves are not a threat. Down to the right: C an be where one is delving into sensory memories. Down to the left: Conversing with self; internal dialogue.
WAYS OF STARING/GAZES
Pupils: The dilation of pupils is a highly relevant indicator of emotions particularly because it is something that cannot be controlled. Pupils will dilate either due to a change in lighting (irrelevant to their thoughts/feelings) and when they are stimulated/interested. They may dilate when a person is interested in the other person or towards an object.
Shifting/darting eyes: This can indicate insecurity, the need to escape or lying. Additionally it could indicate a source of distraction.
Sideways: This can indicate a distraction, where the person looks over to see if the distraction is of interest. If the person is also frowning, this shows suspicion or irritation. If the eyebrows are up, they could be interested or surprised.
Squinting: This can show someone is evaluating something, as well as uncertainty, or when someone does not like what the other is saying/suggesting or a dislike for something in general. Additionally, it can be a sign for LYING; as it distracts the other person from being able to properly detect their falseness.
Staring/focused/not blinking: This can indicate interest and focus on the person, it also can show surprise; particularly if it is a short state with wide eyes and eyebrows raised. However, it could also indicate aggression and deception. If it were OVER-CONTACT this could show intimidation, be threatening, invasive or showing an over-awareness.
Avoidance of eye contact: This indicates that the person is avoiding confrontation, may be deceitful, dishonest, ashamed. This is a main indication for when someone is lying. If the person also looks to the right, this suggests dismissal, disinterest and boredom.
Distorted contact: Differing from the avoidance of eye contact, this is where a person may use eye contact in a distorting way in which they are trying to deceive the other person by trying to appear as if they are not avoiding eye contact.
Overall, a person whom is interested and focused on the other person they are engaging with will remain focused on the other for eighty percent of the time, and may have dilated pupils. They will not consistently be searching around the area and the majority of their attention will be on their partner. The most common indicators for a liar are when they avoid eye-contact, particularly when looking to the right as this may indicate that they are constructing what to say rather than recalling; it is showing dishonestly and may be deceiving.
WHY IS BEING ABLE TO READ/OBSERVE A PERSON’S EYES HELPFUL OR IMPORTANT?
People can easily try and manipulate another through their words and can try and hide true emotions and thoughts. Therefore, by being able to gain an idea of how deciphering body language (here the focus is only on eyes) can be helpful when engaging in conversation with another, when trying to figure out if the other person is being honest, or trying to gain a deeper connection with another by getting a better understanding of them. An additional interest is by knowing these things, you yourself can be aware of your own reactions and responses to others. By knowing what certain gazes may indicate, you can control your reactions thus disguising your thoughts.